Tank US troops in World war II
10 november 2016, 18:44
By the beginning of world war II the United States possessed a fleet of war machines almost smaller than Poland.
To the credit of Americans, they quickly learned from the success of the German armored units in Poland and France. July 10, 1940 began the creation of the armored forces of the U.S. army Armored Force led by General A. Chaffee English word armoured armored armored in the American version of the language is written armored. Five days later, on the basis of the existing armored and mechanized units began the formation of the 1st and 2nd armored divisions Armored Division. Each consisted of two regiments of light tanks and one medium reconnaissance Reconnaissance battalion Armored Battalion mechanized infantry battalion Armored Battalion Infantry artillery Armored Field Artillery Battalion and engineering Battalion Armored Engineer battalions. The formation of divisions completed by the summer of 1941 In each of them there were over 24 thousand personnel 375 tanks 42 75-mm self-propelled guns 54 126 self-propelled howitzers self-propelled anti-tank guns. This division was cumbersome and unwieldy.
March 1, 1942 began the first reorganization of the American armored divisions. The number of regiments was reduced to two changed the ratio between the light and medium tanks. The latter was twice as much. Reorganized and divisional artillery now part of the division consisted of three artillery regiment to two battalions each. A feature of the American armored divisions was the presence of the headquarters of the two battle groups Combat Command called, in common parlance, PAS and CERs.
1942 was marked by the complete elimination of the cavalry units of the U.S. army based on them formed 27 mechanized squads and the formation of another 12 tank divisions the last two of them in 1943, Then spent the final and during the second world war, the reorganization which abolished the regimental level management. The division now consisted of three armored and three mechanized infantry battalions, three battalions of 105-mm self-propelled howitzers self-propelled anti-tank battalion Tank Destroyer Battalion Armored cavalry reconnaissance squadron Cavalry Recon Squadron combat engineer battalion and other units. In total, the division employed 10 998 269 tanks, one 220 medium 54 105-mm howitzer. In the division came the staff of the third reserve battle group. Such organization are preserved at the American armored divisions until the end of the war, with the exception of the 2nd and 3rd armored divisions retained the regimental structure.
In 1941, tank companies of the 18 National guard was first formed four independent tank battalion intended for direct infantry support. In each, there were 72 tank. By the end of the war the U.S. army had 65 such another 29 battalions were in formation. All of them
Save as PDF
Save as image