Question 4."The second economy" the USA.
10 november 2016, 18:44
The international network of production and commercial activities of established foreign affiliates through foreign direct investment received in the economic literature the name of the second
the country's economy. Second, the US economy in terms of direct foreign investment total production of goods and services sales in the domestic market and export including vnutrikorporativnye export significantly exceeds other developed countries. At the end of the 90s the share of U.S. corporations in the total volume of accumulated direct investments in the world amounted to about 25 %. The second economy is a powerful stimulus for the development of foreign trade of the United States, more than 50% of the exports of the affiliates of American corporations account for intra-firm trade and more than 40% of export of goods and services by parent companies directed their foreign affiliates. About 20% of all international transactions undertaken by American companies due to their international production.
Foreign branches of American corporations employ about 10 million workers and employees. Some goods for the American market cars, computers, machines etc. are produced in the foreign affiliates of us corporations with the use of the internationalization of production i.e. technological ties across borders between subsidiaries of the same company.
US leadership in the world economy is determined by the volume and diversity of the domestic market which is superior to the other countries level scientific and technical potential, powerful and deep trade and economic ties with other countries largely influences the economic situation of other countries. The development of reproduction processes in the United States in conditions of internationalization of economic life affects both the export of goods, services and capital to other countries and the influx of them in the United States from abroad. In particular, the indicator of competitiveness for exporters of machinery products in different countries is often their share in the U.S. market consumes more than 25 % of world exports of all types of machinery and equipment.
The US is the dominant country in the global economy one of the largest in territory and population countries in the world. In a country with an area of about 7% is home to more than 270 million people, 46% of the world population. The scale of its economy, the United States far ahead of any country in the world. In 1999 the United States accounted for 287% of the PMF calculated on the basis of current exchange rates and 216% of the PMF calculated on the basis of
The second part of the Economy in the long
At the beginning of XX century the United States stood out as the most powerful political and economic plan the country. After the Second world war added to this list and military dominance. With
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